Waste stabilization ponds

Waste Stabilization Ponds (WSPs) are large, manmade water bodies. The ponds are filled with wastewater that is then treated by naturally occurring processes. The ponds can be used individually, or linked in a series for improved treatment. There are three types of ponds, (1) anaerobic, (2) facultative and (3) aerobic (maturation), each with different treatment and design characteristics. For the most effective treatment, WSPs should be linked in a series of three of more with effluent being transferred from the anaerobic pond to the facultative pond and finally the aerobic pond.

Relevant options

None of the options were relevant for Waste stabilization ponds.